Famous poet Suryakant Tripathi Nirala

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala is considered one of the four major pillars of the Chhayawadi era of poetry. He has made an unprecedented contribution to literature. He was an eminent poet, novelist, essayist and storyteller.

He was such a poet of literature. Who had greatly influenced the people with his poems and compositions. Let’s know about some important and special facts related to the life of this great poet-

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, the great novelist and storyteller – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Biography



At a glance about Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Ji – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Information

Full Name Suryakant Tripathi Nirala
Birthday 21 February 1896, Mednipur district, Bengal (West Bengal)
Father Name Pt. Ramshay Tiwari
Wife Manohara Devi
Death October 15, 1961, Prayag, India

Early life, family and education of Suryakant Tripathi ji – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala History

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala was born on 21 February 1896 in Medinipur district of Mahishadal princely state of West Bengal. His father Pandit Ramsahay was a government official. At the same time, his mother died three years after the birth of Suryakant Tripathi ji, after which he was raised by his father.
Suryakant Tripathi was a promising and serious child from childhood, who did his early education in Bengal. After passing 10th, he used to stay at home and read Sanskrit, English literature etc. After high school, he came to Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh. Let me tell you that the grip of Suryakant Tripathi ji was not only but also in English, Bengali and Sanskrit language, he was very good.
He used to participate in sports as well as sports activities during his school days. Not only this, he had a special interest in writing poems as well as music. It is also said about him that he did not have much interest in his studies as a child, so his father used to treat him strictly.

Suryakant Tripathi’s marriage and struggle – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Life Story

When Suryakant Tripathi was just 15 years old, he was married to Manohara Devi, the daughter of Ram Dayal, living in Dalmau, Rae Bareli, under the practice of child marriage. Manohara Devi was a very cultured, gentle and educated and beautiful woman. At the same time, it was the most special among them, they also had a good knowledge of music, due to which Nirala ji also loved them very much.
Not only this, on the advice of his wife, he started writing poems instead of Bengali. His married life was going well enough that his wife died after some time due to an epidemic. Not only this, his family’s uncle, brother and sister-in-law also died due to the outbreak of epidemic. Due to which a mountain of sorrows broke on him, although he did not lose courage even under such harsh and unseasonable conditions, he continued to pursue his goal, facing all kinds of struggles.
Even in this difficult situation, he worked as a proof reader with many publishers and took care of his well-to-do family. However, during this time he also faced all the financial troubles.

Suryakant Tripathi ji’s career – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Career

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, one of the 4 pillars of the Chhayawadi era, served his first job from 1918 to 1922, serving the Mahishadal state for nearly four years. He then became involved with works such as editing, independent writing and translation. For about 1 year until 1923, he worked in “Samardhan” published from Kolkata.
During this time he also served on the board of editors of “Matwala”. Then he got his posting in Ganga book mala office in Lucknow, capital of Uttar Pradesh and he was associated with the monthly magazine “Sudha” coming out of this institution till 1935.
From 1942 till the last moment of his life, he lived in Allahabad and lived here he did independent writing and translation work. During this time, he wrote many such compositions, due to which he not only got the status of a high poet literature, but he is considered one of the four major pillars of Shadowism literature.

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Work – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala work

Nirala had pioneered the Chhayavad campaign with Mahadevi Verma, Sumitranandan Pant and Jaishankar Prasad. Parimal and Anamika of Nirala have been named as the real cinematographer literature. He did not get much recognition in his life time. His type of poetry was quite revolutionary at that time, but due to his nature most of his poems could not be published.
With his verses, he also raised his voice against social exploitation. In his works, he has blended Vedanta, nationalism, mysticism and love of nature. The subject of his creations has always been historical, religious, natural, social and political. He has included things like beauty, natural love and freedom in his poems.
After this, he exposed the new form of poetry in the Shadow era. His poem named Saroj Smriti is very famous, in which he has described his love and feelings towards his daughter very beautifully. The credit of using free verses in modern prose also goes to Nirala.
Many of Nirala’s poems have since been adapted by many scholars. The adapted poems include The Return of Saraswati: A Compilation of Four Poems, Love and War: Shadowism.

Suryakant Tripathi ji’s literary journey – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Books

Renowned poet Suryakant Tripathi started his writing work around 1920. He wrote his first poem “Janmabhoomi”. Her first collection of poems was Anamika.

Famous compositions – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Poems

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala ji has taken literature to new heights with his writings. Due to his great compositions, he is considered one of the four major pillars of the Shadow Age era of literature, these pillars include Jaishankar Prasad and Mahadevi Varma. Let us tell you that Suryakant ji’s works used to leave a deep impact on the reader. He used to write his compositions in an emotional way.
Although he was a poet of a steep dialect, he also writes poems in Braj Bhasha and Period language. He has shown the reality in his poems and has taken very little support from the imagination. He was also considered the originator of muktachand. Suryakant ji in his compositions shows love, patriotism, spirituality, compassion, sympathy, opposition to social stereotypes and love towards nature.
His most favorite creation is ‘Juhi Ki Kali’, which he did in the year 1916. ‘Saraswati’ came to light from ‘Maryada’ files’ poetical genius Matwala of the great poet Suryakant Tripathi Nirala ji who learned. Apart from this, Nirala has also written seven satirical poems about the creation of adult works, some of which are stored in his “Poetry Collection Anamika”.
In the year 1938, Anamika composed by him was published. At the same time, most of the compositions stored in Anamika declare artistic maturity. Rama’s Shaktipooja, Rekha, SarojSmriti etc. are his most favorite and famous compositions. Apart from these, some famous works written by him are as follows-

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Ji’s poetry collection – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Ki Rachnaye

  • ‘Juhi ki bud’
  • Parimal
  • Anamika
  • Geetika
  • Mushroom
  • New leaves
  • Tulsidas
  • Birth place
  • Other compositions include Apara, Archana, Bela, Anima, Aradhana, Archana etc.


  • Elf
  • Nirupama
  • Jasmine
  • Exploits
  • Black
  • High chain
  • Effective
  • Alka

Essay Collection:

  • struggle
  • The whip
  • Management model
  • The selection

Story Collection:

  • wife
  • Goddess
  • Lily
  • Shakul ki biwi

Essay Criticism:
Ravindra Kavita Kanan, whip, selection, collection, management statue, management Padma
Ramayana stories, Mahabharata etc.
Child Use Literature:
Devotees Prahlada, Bhishma, Maharana Pratap, Fables of Aesop, Devotees Dhruv, Sikhbhari stories etc.
Ramcharitmanas (Vinay-Bhag) (Khadiboli verse), Sri Ramakrishnavachanamrut (in three sections), Poison tree, Krishnakanta’s will, Kapalakundala, Durgesh Nandini, Rajyoga (Anjanaduva) Devi Chaudharani, Rajarani, Yuglanguli, Chandrashekhar, Rajni, Rajni, Rajni, Rajni, Rajni, Rajni In India, Vivekananda, Anand Math (Bala to Gadyanuvada), Parivrajak etc.
A well-planned publication of all the previously published and unpublished compositions (first edition-1983) in 8 volumes titled Nirala Rachnavali
Relation of Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Ji and Mahadevi Varma Ji:
Suryakant Tripathi ji considered Mahadevi Varma ji, the great poet of the Chhayawadi era, as his sister and he was considered to be his closest.
According to one story, when Nirala ji reached Allahabad on the day of Rakshabandhan between 1950 and 1951, he did not have money to give to the rickshawman, after which he stopped at the door of his sister Mahadevi Varma ji and asked for 12 rupees, near which he 2 rupees were given to the rickshaw and the remaining ten rupees were given to Mahadevi Varma ji to tie rakhi. In this way, he tied Rakhi Rakhi on Rakhi day by taking money from his sister.
Not only this, Nirala ji had also given the title of “Saraswati of the huge temple” to the great poet Mahadevi Varma.

Death of Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Ji – Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Death

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, the great poet literature, breathed his last on 15 October 1961 in Prayag. Suryakant Tripathi Nirala ji is also known as the seer of Indian culture. They have strongly opposed social trends.
Nirala Ji, the leading poet of the student era literature, is certainly not among us today, but through his compositions, he is still alive in the hearts of all of us and there is a feeling of respect in his heart. His contribution to literature can never be forgotten. Some lines written by Nirala ji are as follows-

“Break, break, break Kara”
Get out of the stone, then the Ganges-stream
Parvati of the house
Re: True-Beautiful-Shiva
Be a ur-ur aarti
Break the false pole of errors,
Break, break cara. “

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